Question: What Is Anaemia & How Can It Be Classified Using The Red Cell Indices?

How can RBC indices be used to classify anemias?

Your RBC indices and RBC count are used to diagnose different types of anemia.

You have some form of anemia if you have a low RBC count or abnormal RBC indices.

Anemia is a condition in which the number of RBCs or the amount of hemoglobin in your blood falls below normal levels..

What are the symptoms of low RBC?

If you have a low RBC count, symptoms could include:fatigue.shortness of breath.dizziness, weakness, or lightheadedness, particularly when you change positions quickly.increased heart rate.headaches.pale skin.

What is a normal red cell count?

A normal RBC count would be: men – 4.7 to 6.1 million cells per microlitre (cells/mcL) women – 4.2 to 5.4 million cells/mcL.

What does it mean to have low MCHC in blood test?

The most common cause of low MCHC is anemia. Hypochromic microcytic anemia commonly results in low MCHC. This condition means your red blood cells are smaller than usual and have a decreased level of hemoglobin. This type of microcytic anemia can be caused by: lack of iron.

What does a high RDW level mean in blood tests?

High results If your RDW is too high, it could be an indication of a nutrient deficiency, such as a deficiency of iron, folate, or vitamin B-12. These results could also indicate macrocytic anemia, when your body doesn’t produce enough normal red blood cells, and the cells it does produce are larger than normal.

What is healthy hemoglobin level?

The normal range for hemoglobin is: For men, 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter. For women, 12.0 to 15.5 grams per deciliter.

What increases red blood cells?

Eating an iron-rich diet can increase your body’s production of RBCs. Iron-rich foods include: red meat, such as beef. organ meat, such as kidney and liver.

What does red blood cell indices mean?

Red blood cell indices are blood tests that provide information about the hemoglobin content and size of red blood cells. Abnormal values indicate the presence of anemia and which type of anemia it is.

What are the different RBC indices?

The indices include: Average red blood cell size (MCV) Hemoglobin amount per red blood cell (MCH) The amount of hemoglobin relative to the size of the cell (hemoglobin concentration) per red blood cell (MCHC)

What is a normal MCHC level for a woman?

The reference range for MCHC in adults is 33.4–35.5 grams per deciliter (g/dL). If your MCHC value is below 33.4 grams per deciliter, you have low MCHC. Low MCHC values occur if you have anemia due to iron deficiency. It can also indicate thalassemia.

What do MCV and MCH values mean?

Your MCH value is related to two other values, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Together, MCH, MCV, and MCHC are sometimes referred to as red blood cell indices. MCV is a measurement of the average size of your red blood cells. MCH results tend to mirror MCV results.

What is the difference between red blood cell count and hemoglobin?

Hemoglobin is the iron-based molecule type that gives blood its red color and ferries oxygen to the rest of the body. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells and hematocrit is a measurement of the amount of red blood cells as related to total blood cell count.

How do you read RBC indices?

Red blood cell (RBC) indices are part of the complete blood count (CBC) test….These test results indicate the type of anemia:MCV below normal. Microcytic anemia (may be due to low iron levels, lead poisoning, or thalassemia).MCV normal. … MCV above normal. … MCH below normal. … MCH normal. … MCH above normal.

What does MCHC stand for in blood work?

Doctors use information from the CBC to calculate your MCH. A similar measure to MCH is something doctors call “mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration” (MCHC). MCHC checks the average amount of hemoglobin in a group of red blood cells. Your doctor may use both measurements to help in a diagnosis of anemia.

What does a high MCHC mean in a blood test?

A high MCHC means that hemoglobin is more concentrated than usual and may occur in a few ways. For instance, hemoglobin becomes more concentrated when red blood cells break down. MCHC is often increased in people who smoke. 10 MCHC may also be falsely increased due to cold agglutinin disease.